A menstrual cycle is 28-30 days long from the first day of one menstrual period to the first day of the next normal menstrual cycles lasting between 21 and 38 days and its flow lasts from 4 to 7 days.

Most women lose about 3 to 4 ounces of menstrual fluid each month. The fluid is normally reddish-brown and odorless until it is contaminated by bacteria. Most women use pads, tampons, sanitary napkins or menstrual sponges to absorb the menstrual fluids. Some women prefer to use rubber menstrual cervical cup – a device which is worn near the vaginal opening and can be washed and reused many times. Currently an “urban legend” has speculation on the Internet that some commercial tampons contain potentially cancer-causing substances which include dioxins and asbestos.

Advice for women is to buy all-cotton unbleached feminine hygiene products, which are more safer. Some argue however that this is untrue. As for switching to all-cotton, unbleached products, it should be noted that grown cotton is rich in pesticides, which are also potentially the cause of cancer. The best advice for women is to use the lowest-absorbency tampon that does the job and switch to pads overnight and on days of lighter flow. While having menstruation, healthy women usually do not have to change their daily activities or exercising habits, unless they are experiencing severe menstrual cramps. Usually the menstrual cycle begins between the ages of 10-17 and stops in late 40s-50s.

It is important to realize that it is normal in any age. Shortly before a girl reaches puberty, her pituitary gland begins to secrete more PSH and LH. Menstruation begins when LH is produced in a rhythmic pattern and in sufficient quantities.

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