Kidney Injury

Wednesday, April 13th, 2011

Kidney Injury is usually caused by blunt force, occuring from sport injuries, falls or motor vehicle accidents. Penetrating kidney injury may be caused by stab wounds or gunshots. Minor injury may cause small amounts of blood in the person’s urine which can be found only by performing microscopic evaluation; while serious injury is more likely […]

Hyperphosphatemia

Sunday, April 3rd, 2011

Hyperphosphatemia (high level of phosphate in blood) is a condition, in which phosphate concentration in blood higher than 4.5 mg (milligram) per blood deciliter. Normal kidneys are so efficient at excess of phosphate excretion, that Hyperphosphatemia seldom happens except in individuals with severe dysfunction of the kidneys. For patients, who have kidney failure, Hyperphosphatemia is […]

Overhydration

Sunday, April 3rd, 2011

Overhydration is a water excess in the person’s body. Overhydration happens when body’s water intake is higher than its output. Water excess in the person’s body causes sodium in the person’s blood to become overdiluted. Drinking extremely high amounts of water does not usually result in Overhydration, if heart, kidneys, and pituitary gland are working […]

Hypernatremia

Friday, April 1st, 2011

Hypernatremia (high level of sodium in blood) is a concentration of sodium above 145 mEq (milliequivalents) per blood liter. In this condition, the person’s body consists of too little water relative to sodium amount. The sodium concentration in blood usually increases abnormally high when water loss exceeds sodium loss, generally when an individual drinks too […]

Hyponatremia

Friday, April 1st, 2011

Hyponatremia (low level of sodium in blood) is a concentration of sodium in blood under 136 mEq (milliequivalents) per blood liter. The concentration of the sodium in blood drops extremely low when sodium has been over-diluted by extremely large amounts of water in the person’s body. Sodium may be over-diluted in individuals who drink excessive […]

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