Rosacea is a type of inflammatory disorder which is chronic where the central areas of the face turns red most likely because of enlarged blood vessels under the skin. Rosacea

In some cases, Rosacea resembles acne (it was at one point known as adult acne or acne rosacea). The absence of either white heads or blackheads marks it as a distinct condition. Rosacea is much more common in women than in men. The individuals who are more likely to develop rosacea are those who are fair skinned. This medical condition usually begins in middle ages or later on and tends to flare up and then improve for a while.

This disease appears to be a genetic predisposition that develops such skin disorder. The common symptoms of rosacea are – inflamed and reddened cheeks, forehead, nose, chin, or eyelids. Sometimes arms, trunks, and legs may be affected as well. At one point, the redness is accompanied by spider veins, pustules or pimples. If rosacea is left untreated, the tissue overgrowth in the nose (rhinophyma) can occur. The bulbous, red nose is most likely in men with this disease than in a woman.

The disease has to be evaluated by a dermatologist to rule out the diseases with similar symptoms such as lupus, acne, drug reaction and others. The only one way to treat rosacea is with long-term antibiotic therapy. The treatment involves oral tetracyclyn antibiotic, or a topic cream, such as metronidazole, an antibiotic prescribed more often because of its minimal side effects with long term use. Pregnant and breast feeding women must consult their doctor about treatment options first. Antibiotics taken after 10 weeks of pregnancy may damage teeth or the fetus as well as bones.

Rosacea cannot be prevented. People with this disease should avoid spicy foods, alcohol, hot liquids, substances that make a person flush because flushing may worsen the symptoms and cause the disease to develop much faster.

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