Trichomoniasis is the urethra’s and vagina’s sexually transmitted disease resulted from a single-celled organism with a whiplike tail, called trichomonas vaginalis. Although, the Trichomoniasisbacterium may infect the genitourinary tract of either women or men, symptoms are most likely to appear in women. Appr. 20% of females have vagina trichomoniasis during reproductive years.

In males, trichomonas vaginalis infects the bladder, prostate, and urethra, but symptoms occur very rarely. In certain populations, trichomonas can account for 5 to 10% of all nongonococcal urethritis cases. Such bacteria is more hard to detect in males than in females. In females, the Trichomoniasis usually begins with a frothy, greenish-yellow vaginal discharges. In some females, the discharge can be slight. The vulva can be sore and irritated, and sexual intercourses can be painful. In severe Trichomoniasis, the vulva and its surrounding skin can be inflamed and the labia may be swollen. Urination pain or urination frequency can happen, resembling the bladder infection symptoms.

Males, who have Trichomoniasis, usually experience no symptoms, but may infect their sex partner. Some males have a pus-like or temporary frothy urethra discharges, and require the need to urinate frequently and urination may be painful. Such symptoms usually happen early in the morning. The urethra can be slightly irritated and, sometimes, moisture appears at the penis’ opening. Epididymis infection, resulting in the testes pain, happens rarely. The prostate also can be infected, but the Trichomonas role is unclear. Such infections are the only known as trichomoniasis complications in males. In females, trichomoniasis diagnosis is made within minutes by testing vaginal secretions sample. In males, penis’ ends secretions must be taken before urination, in the morning.

Such secretions are tested under a microscope, and the secretions sample is cultured. The urine culture can help as well, because, it is more likely to find trichomonas missed by microscopic testing. Prescription of a single dose of metronidazole cures up to 95% of affected females, and their partners are treated simultaneously. Males are generally treated for 7 days.

Alcohol should be avoided during the treatment, because skin flushes and nausea may occur as a result. Metronidazole should be avoided during the pregnancy.

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