Gonorrhea is a disease, which is sexually transmitted and resulted from the bacteria, called neisseria gonorrhoeae, that infects the inner linings of the urethra, the whites of the rectum, and cervix.
Gonorrhea can spread through the blood to other body’s parts, particularly, the joints and skin. In females, it can invade the genital tract to infect pelvis membranes (inside), resulting in reproductive problems and pelvic pain. The first symptoms in males commonly appear two to seven days after getting infection.
Symptoms begin with mild urethra discomfort, followed a several hours later by moderate to severe pain at the time of urination and pus discharge from the male’s penis. Men have an urgent and frequent need to urinate, and the urge worsens as the Gonorrhea spreads to the urethra’s upper part. The opening of the penile can become swollen and red. In females, the first symptoms can appear 1 week to 3 weeks after infection. Frequently, infected females experience no symptoms for months or weeks and the disease is found only after the female’s man partner is diagnosed with Gonorrhea and she is evaluated. If symptoms happen, they are generally mild. However, some females experience severe symptoms, such as pain while urinating, fever, and frequent urge to urinate.
The rectum, urethra, ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix can be infected, resulting in tenderness during intercourse or deep pelvic pain. Pus, which appears to come from the vagina, can come from the glands near the opening of vagina, urethra, or cervix. Homosexual males and women can contract rectum Gonorrhea. The disease can result in discharge from the rectum and discomfort around the anus. The region around the anus can become raw and red, and the stool can be coated with pus and mucus. The pus and mucus can be visible on the rectum wall, while doctor examines the rectum with a viewing tube, called anoscope.
Oral sex with the partner, who has Gonorrhea, can cause gonococcal pharyngitis (throat gonorrhea). Generally, such infection creates no symptoms, but in some cases, it results in discomfort during swallowing and sore throat. A newborn can be affected by Gonorrhea from the mother at the time of birth, resulting in a discharge of pus from the eyes and both eyelid swelling.
In adults, similar symptoms can happen, but frequently, only 1 eye is affected. If gonorrhea is not treated, blindness can occur. Vaginal infections in young girls and infants are usually caused by sexual abuse; and sometimes by handling infected household items.
Symptoms can include: redness, vulva swelling, and irritation with a vaginal pus discharge, the girl can feel pain during urination or have vaginal area sore. The rectum also can be inflamed. Underpants may become stained with discharge. A physician diagnosis Gonorrhea very quickly by identifying gonococcus (bacterium) under a microscope. In more than 90% of infected males, the diagnosis might be made using a sample, obtained from the penis’ discharge. However, this type of diagnosis may be made in only approx. 60% of infected females by obtaining a sample from cervix discharge. If the physician suggests rectum or throat infection, sample from such areas is sent for culture.
Treatment of Gonorrhea consists of weeklong antibiotic use (usually, Doxycycline) or a single injection of Ceftriaxone, administered into a muscle. If Gonorrhea invades the blood, the individual must be treated in a hospital with intravenous antibiotic. If symptoms persist or recur at the end of the treatment, a doctor can take specimen from culture to be confident, the individual is cured.