Genital Warts

Genital Warts (gondylomata acuminata) are warts around or in the penis, vagina, or rectum, resulted from sexually transmitted papillomavirus. Genital Warts are common and result in concerns because such warts can show an impaired immune system, and become infected with bacteria, and are unsightly.

In females, papillomaviruses type 18 and 16, which happens in the woman’s cervix, but does not result in external genitals warts, can lead in cervical cancer. Such types and other Genital Wartsforms of papillomaviruses can result in cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasm or esophagus, throat, vagina, penis, anus, or vulva cancers. Genital Warts happen most frequently on a moist body and warm surfaces.

In males, the common parts that get affected are the penis shaft and end and below the foreskin. In females, Genital Warts happen on the skin surrounding the vagina, servix, vaginal wall, and vulva. Genital Warts can progress in the rectum and the area around the anus. The warts generally appear one to six months after getting infection, starting as tiny soft, red, pink, or moist swelling. Genital Warts grow quickly and can progress stalks.

Multiple warts frequently grow in the same region, and their rough surface gives them the small cauliflower appearance. The Genital Warts can grow very quickly in pregnant females, in people with skin inflammation, and in people with impaired immune system. Such warts commonly may be diagnosed from their appearances. However, they can be mistaken for secondary syphilis stage sores. Persistent warts or unusual looking warts can be surgically removed and tested under the microscope to be confident that they are not cancerous.

Females with cervix warts must have a regular pap test. No treatment is fully satisfactory. Chemical treatments such as trichloroacetic acid, purified toxin, or podophyllum resin, may be applied to warts. Such treatment need long time to achieve the goal (from weeks to months) and can burn the surrounding skin. External Genital Wart can be removed by using laser, freezing (cryotherapy), or surgery. Urethra warts can be treated with anticancer medications, including Fluorouracil or Thiotepa.

Alternatively, genital warts can be removed by endoscopic surgery and may return, therefore repeated treatment may be required. In males, circumcision can help prevent reoccurrence. If needed, all sex partners must be tested and treated.

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