Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis is an allergy to airborne pollens, usually referred to as pollinosis or hay fever. Pollen seasons vary significantly in different country’s parts. In the Midwest, Southern, and Eastern U.S., the pollens that result in hay fevers in the spring, generally come from various types of trees such as olive, oak, juniper, birch, alder, maple, and elm; in early summer, from various types of grasses including bluegrass, orchard grass, redtop,  and timothy.

In the Western America, the grass pollinates for much longer, and there are other fall weeds. In some cases, seasonalSeasonal Allergic Rhinitisallergic rhinitis results from mold spores. Once the pollen seasons begin, the eyes, nose, throat back, and mouth roof itch abruptly or gradually. Nose clear watery discharge, watery eyes, and sneezing usually follow. Some individuals develop wheezing, coughing, and headache; have sleeping disorders; lose their appetite; become depressed and irritable. The eye whites and inner eyelids may become inflamed (a condition known as conjunctivitis). The nose lining can become bluish, red and swollen, causing stuffiness and runny nose. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is generally easy to diagnose. Skin tests and individual’s symptoms history may help the physician confirm, which pollen results in a problem. Best treatment for seasonal allergic rhinitis are antihistamines. In some cases, decongestants including phenylpropanolamine or pseudoephedrine are used orally with combination of antihistamines to help relieve runny, stuffy nose. However, individuals, who have high blood pressure, must avoid decongestant until their use is monitored by a physician. A nasal spray, called cromolyn sodium can also be helpful. Cromolyn needs a prescription and is considerably expensive; and it’s effect is usually limited to the regions where it is applied, such as back of the throat as well as the nose. When cromolyn and antihistamine can not keep allergy symptoms under control, spray of corticosteroid can be prescribed by your physician. A Corticosteroid spray is extremely effective, and the newer sprays have importantly no adverse reactions. If such measures do not work, oral corticosteroid can be required for a short time (under 10 days) to relieve symptoms. Individuals with serious adverse reactions from using drugs, who frequently must use oral corticosteroid, or who progress asthma, must consider allergen immunotherapies, an injection series that can help prevent allergy symptoms.

Such immunotherapy for seasonal allergic rhinitis must start few months before the pollen season begins.

Related Videos (Causes & Symptoms of Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis)


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