Radioactive Decays (Radioactivity)

Radioactive Decays or Radioactivity are the widespread energy’s emission from unstable atoms. Such atoms emit radiations that travel in the form of high-speed particles or waves.

The increased dosage of radioactive substances, radiation sickness or poisoning are the type of harm to the person organ’s tissues resulted from excessive ionizing exposure to radiation. This factor is usually used to refer to acute disorders resulted from a huge radiation dose in a short period of time; although, such problems may also happen with prolonged exposure period of time.

Radiation Sickness term is described by CDC as ARS (Acute Radiation Syndrome).  All people are exposed to low levels of radiation every day, because radiation comes naturally from sound waves and sunlight. Individuals are also getting radiation from X-rays, cancer cure, nuclear power plants, and nuclear weapons.

Radiation’s exposure duration and amounts affect on severity or type of health effects. Any human being may be damaged by radiation exposure in a particular manner, but the person’s body may also heal its own cells and not having repeated damage at all.

In some cases, if radiation is at high levels or exposure to radiation is prolonged – the damage may be widespread or extremely severe to be treated. For instance, an exposure to UV radiation’s small doses is essential for individuals and play important role in the vitamin D production and in the several disorders’ treatment including jaundice (yellowish skin or eyes).

But people with prolonged UV radiation, exposure can develop cataract or skin cancer, such as melanoma. Some prolonged radiation exposure’s side effects may include: genetic disorders (passed from parents to children); slow growth abnormalities, poorly formed eye, smaller brain or head size or defuses, and mental retardation in children.

Large amount of radiation at the short period of time,( for example, from emergency radiation), may result in radiation sickness or burns. Radiation sickness symptoms include: lowered function of patient’s organ, hair loss, nausea and burns of skin.  Large radiation exposure may result in premature aging or, in some cases, it may be fatal.

To prevent radiation sickness you must minimize the radioactive dosage. To avoid poisoning of radiation , you should stay inside the building if fallout is imminent; take shower with soap and change your cloth after coming from outdoors and listen radio, tv, etc. for further officials announcements about changing of situations.     If you reduce your radiation exposure time –  then, the radiation dose decreases proportionally.

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