Pneumococcal Infection

Pneumococcal Infection is an infection that is resulted from the gram-positive bacteria, called Streptococcus Pneumonie. Pneumococci usually inhabits the human’s upper respiratory tract, its natural host, especially during the early spring and winter.

Despite its location, pneumococci only sometimes result in pneumonia. Because pneumococcal pneumonias seldom spread from one individual  Pneumococcal Infectionto another; individuals with such a disease are required to avoid contact with other people. Pneumococci can also result in ear, brain, and other organs infections.

Individuals particularly at risk of progressing pneumococcal pneumonias include people with compromised immune systems and chronic diseases (for instance: sickle cell disease, Hodgkin’s Disease, malnutrition, myeloma, and lymphoma). Because antibody created in the person’s spleen usually helps prevent pneumococcal infections, individuals with nonfunctioning spleen or with removed spleen are also at higher risk.

Pneumococcal Pneumonias can also occur after chronic bronchitis or influenza virus, damaging the respiratory tract’s lining. For individuals over the age two, a very effective pneumococcal vaccines are available. Such vaccine protects against the most common Pneumococci strain and lowers the chances of progressing bacteremia and Pneumococcal Pneumonia by 80% and the dying chances of those by 40%.

The vaccine is recommended for individuals with metabolism disorders, elderly, HIV infection, for people with chronic lung and heart diseases Hodgkin’s disease, and diabetes. It can be also beneficial for individuals with nonfunctioning or removed spleen and for children, who have the sickle cells disease.

Antibiotic such as Penicillin is best treatment for many pneumococcal infections. It may be given intravenously for more severe cases and can be taken orally for sinus and ear infection.

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