Personality Disorders

Personality disorders are conditions, which are characterized by relating, relating, and perceiving patterns, that are relatively inflexible, fixed socially maladaptive across various Personality Disordersituations. Individuals who have such disorders generally are not aware that their patterns of thought or behavior are improper; they frequently think their patterns are right and normal.

Personality disorders consist of the following kinds:

1. Paranoid personality is the condition, in which an individual projects their own hostilities and conflicts onto others, and they are usually distant and cold in their relationships;

2. Schizoid personality is a condition, in which individuals are solitary, withdrawn, and introverted and are socially distant and emotionally cold;

3. Schizotypal personality is a condition, in which individuals are emotionally and socially detached, and in addition, they display oddities thinking;

4. Histrionic personality is a condition, in which individuals behave dramatically and conspicuously seeking attention and their emotions frequently seem childish, exaggerated, and contrived to evoke attention or sympathy (frequently erotic) from others;

5. Narcissistic personality is a condition in which individuals have exaggerated beliefs in their importance or their own value (called grandiosity) and they can be extremely sensitivie to criticism, defeat, or failure, and if confronted, they may become easily depressed or enraged;

6. Antisocial personality is a condition, in which individuals, mostly men, show callous disregard for the feelings or rights of others. Such type of personality was called sociopathic or psychopathic personality in the past;

7. Borderline personality is a condition, in which mostly females are unstable in their behavior, moods, self-image, and interpersonal relationships (which is frequently intense and stormy) and most individuals with borderline personality have frequently been deprived of adequate care during their childhood. Usually they feel angry, deserving nurturing, and empty

8. In avoidant personality, the individuals fear begins relationships, and they are oversensitive to rejection. People with such types of personality disorders experience a strong dislike for acceptance and affection. Such a person is openly distressed by his isolation and inabilities comfortably to relate to others;

9. In dependent personality, the individual surrenders to others and feel extremely insecure and lack self-confidence about their ability to take care of themselves. They frequently protest that they cannot make their own decisions and do not know what to do and how to do it;

10. In obsessive-compulsive personality, an individual is dependable, reliable, methodical, and orderly, but frequently cannot adapt to change. They analyze all aspects of a problem and are cautious and are frequently high achieves, especially in the science, in which attention and order to detail are desirable. However, they may feel uncomfortable with relationships and detached from their feelings.

11. In passive-aggressive personality (negativistic), the person’s behavior is covertly designed to punish or control others. Such a behavior is frequently displayed as sullenness, inefficiency, and procrastination. Often, individuals with passive-aggressive personality agree to do tasks and later proceed to subtly undermine completion of these tasks. Diagnosis of personality disorders is based on behavior patterns or an individual’s maladaptive thought display. Additionally, a physician is likely to notice the individual’s inappropriate use of defend mechanism.

Individuals who have personality disorders use defent mechanisms in immature or inappropriate ways, while everyone unconsciously uses them. If individuals with personality disorders have depression and anxiety, they believe they are relieved by medications, but such drugs, or depression and anxiety caused by personality disorders are rarely relieved by drugs.

If the individual with personality disorders has other psychiatric disorders, including panic disorders, phobia or severe depression, then medication can be appropriate. Personality changes are a long process. No short term treatment may successfully cure such a disorder, but some changes can be accomplished much faster than others. The main treatment of personality disorders consists of talk therapy (long term psychotherapy), which helps the individual recognize his or her maladaptive behavior and understand the individual’s anxiety cause.

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