Malabsorption Syndrome

Malabsorption Syndrome is a disorder that develops because food nutrients do not properly get absorbed into the blood from the person’s small intestine. Individuals with Malabsorption SyndromeMalabsorption Syndrome¬† generally lose weight, if fat is not absorbed properly; the stool can be bulky, soft, foul smelling, and light covered.

The stool can stick to the toilet bowl’s side or can be float and be hard to flush away. Steatorrhea is caused by any conditions interfering with the fats absorption such as tropical sprue, celiac disease or lowered bile flow. Malabsorption may result in mineral, vitamin, fats or protein deficiencies.

The symptoms of Malabsorption Syndrome vary, based on certain deficiencies. For instance, individuals with enzyme (called lactose) deficiency can have flatulence after drinking milk, abdominal bloating, and severe diarrhea. Other symptoms of Malabsorption Syndrome depends on disease, that is resulting in the malabsorbtion. For instance, poor intestine blood supply to the person’s intestine can result in abdominal ache after eating;or obstructed bile ducts can result in jaundice. The physician suggests Malapsorption Syndrome, when an individual has diarrhea and loses weight, and has deficiency of the nutrients despite eating well. Laboratory examinations may help determine diagnosis of Malabsorption’s Syndrome.

Tests that directly measure fats in stool sample collected over three or four days is the most reliable one for diagnosing of fat malabsorption. Excess of fat finding makes the diagnosis. Other laboratory test may reveal vitamin b12 or lactose malabsorption. A stool sample is tested under the microscope. Fragments of undigested food can mean that food passes through the person’s intestine extremely rapidly. These fragments are also may show gastrocolic fistula. In individual with jaundice, stool with excessive amount of fat can indicate biliary system problems.

Doctors usually look for the biliary tract and pancreas cancer in individuals with excessive fat in stool and jaundice. Undigested meat and fat globules fibers seen under the microscope shows that the person’s pancreas are not properly functioning. The physician also can detect parasites or their eggs under the microscope , a finding suggesting malabsorbtion resulted from parasitic infections. Malabsorption Syndrome may be diagnosed by Barium X-Ray, which may reveal an abnormal patterns of barium distributions in the person’s intestine that are malabsorption characteristic, but this type of examination do not provide information about the causes.

A biopsy tissue (specimen removal for testing) can be required to find small intestine abnormality. The specimen is tested under the microscope and can be examined for enzyme activities. A pancreatic function test is frequently done because of malfunction of pancreas is a main cause of malabsorption. In such a test, the patient receives a special diet; in another test the individual receives hormone secreting injection. During these tests, juices from person’s intestine consisting of pancreatic secretions are collected through a tubes and are measured.

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