Kidney Injury

Kidney Injury is usually caused by blunt force, occuring from sport injuries, falls or motor vehicle accidents.  Kidney Injury

Penetrating kidney injury may be caused by stab wounds or gunshots. Minor injury may cause small amounts of blood in the person’s urine which can be found only by performing microscopic evaluation; while serious injury is more likely to cause visible blood in the person’s urine.

In a shattered kidney (when kidney is injured severely), bleeding can be excessive and urine can leak into the surrounding tissues. If the kidneys are torn from their stalk (called renal pedicle), which consists of vein and renal artery-shock, massive bleeding and death can occur.

Kidney Injuries resulted from extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (the procedure performed to break up kidney stone) can create some transient urine blood, which generally is not significant and the kidney injury heals without the treatment. Urinary tract and kidney X-ray examinations, including CT (computed tomography) and intravenous urography, may help to find the extent and location of the kidney injury.

Sometimes, more extensive examinations might be required. Kidney Injury treatment starts to prevent shock and control loss of the blood. Fluids are given intravenously to stimulate production of the urine and keep blood pressure under control. If needed, a certain X-ray examination may be performed to define the injury.

For minor injuries of kidney, such as those resulted from procedure extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, bed rest and careful control of fluids intake, are frequently the only treatment required. Major Kidney Injury that result in large amounts of urine’s leakage and uncontrollable bleeding into the surrounding tissues, frequently needs surgical repair. If the kidney blood supply is insufficient, healthy kidney tissues, which should be supplied with blood to survive, can die and replaced by scar tissues.

These Kidney Injuries can cause high blood pressure which persists for weeks or months after the injuries of the kidney. Generally, if quickly diagnosed and treated, many injuries of the kidneys have a relatively good prognosis.

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