Gingivitis (also called gingival) is a disease where the gums become inflamed. The gums become swollen and red, and have a tendency to bleed easily. Gingivitis may develop any time Gingivitis Gum Diseasein the life after an individual’s teeth come in.

Gingivitis is usually caused by inadequate brushing and flossing. This lets plaque accumulate, along the gum line of the teeth. Plaque is a sticky, soft film consisting primarily of bacteria, located especially in faulty fillings and around the teeth nearby the poorly cleaned partial dentures, orthodontic appliances, and bridges. Although, plaque is the major cause of gingivitis, other causes such as puberty, birth control medications, and pregnancy can make the inflammation worse.

Gingivitis may be prevented by applying good oral hygiene: daily use of dental floss and a toothbrush.

Medical conditions that can cause gingivitis to worsen must be treated or controlled. If an individual is using medication, which causes gum tissue overgrowth, the extra gum tissue might be removed surgically. However, appropriate oral hygiene at home and regular professional cleanings can slow the rate of overgrowth and eliminate possibilities of future surgery.

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