Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Gastrointestinal Bleeding can happen anywhere along gastrointestinal (digestive) tract from the person’s mouth to the anus. It can appear as vomit or blood in the stool, or can be Gastrointestinal Bleedingoccult (hidden) and found only by performing tests.

The symptoms of Gastrointestinal Bleeding may include hematemesis (vomiting up blood), hematochezia (visible rectum blood), and melena (passing black tarry stool). Melena is usually caused by bleeding high up in the gastrointestinal tract( for instance, duodenum or stomach); the black color caused by blood that has been exposed to bacterial digestion and stomach acid for few hours before exiting the person’s body.

Individuals with long-term Gastrointestinal Bleeding can experience symptoms of anemia, such as feeling light-headed, chest pain, looking pale, and fatigue. Symptoms of severe blood loss include lowered urine production, low blood pressure, and rapid pulse rate. A patient can also have clammy, cold feet and hands. The person with serious blood loss can develop symptoms of heart attack or chest pain. In a patients with serious gastrointestinal bleeding, the symptoms of other disorders including kidney failure, lung disease, high blood pressure, and heart failure can become worse.

In individuals who have liver disease, intestine’s bleeding may result in toxins buildup that causes awareness, liver encephalopathy, and personality¬† changes. A test-hematocrit measurement usually show red blood cells’ low concentration in the person’s blood. People with Gastrointestinal Bleeding, who lost weight and have no appetite for no reason, are tested for a cancer possibility. A patient with difficulty of swallowing is tested for narrowing in the esophagus and esophagus cancer. Doctors evaluate a person for clues that can cause bleeding. For instance, during the rectal examinations, the doctors are looking for tumor, fissure (rectal tear), and hemorrhoids. After that, tests are selected based on whether the physician suggests that the bleeding comes from lower gastrointestinal tract or upper gastrointestinal tract. Upper gastrointestinal tract examined by withdrawal of fluid from stomach (using tube), that indicate if bleeding has stopped or slow; examining the stomach, duodenum or esophagus with flexible endoscope; biopsy that may reveal if gastrointestinal bleeding caused by H Pylory (helicobacter pylory).

Lower gastrointestinal tract examined by using colonoscope, flexible sigmoidoscope, or endoscope, as well as barium enema x-rays and anoscope. Angiography (x-ray performed after radiopaque substance infection) or scans (performed after radioactive red blood infection) also may be done, if other tests do not reveal the cause of bleeding. Bleeding in the lower gastrointestinal tract commonly does not emergency treatments.

However, if needed, abdominal surgery or endoscopic procedure are done. The intestine’s segment can be removed, if the bleeding can not be found precisely. Bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract may be stopped with endoscopic procedures, such as injecting a substance that result in clotting within blood vessels or cauterizing the bleeding vessels with an electric current.

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