Erysipelothricosis

Erysipelothricosis is a gradually progressing skin infection that is resulted from a bacterium called Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae. Although,  Erysipelothricosissuch bacterium grows mostly on decaying or dead matter, it may also infect mammals, birds, fish, shellfish, and insects.

Generally, individuals get infected after an occupational injury, especially peneprating wounds that happens at the time of handling animal matters, such as shells, meat, bones, poultry, shellfish, or fish. Within a week of getting infected with erysipelothricosis, a hard, purplish-red, raised area appears on the person’s skin at the injury site.

Other symptoms may include swelling, burning, and itching around the infected area. The most common infection site is hand and swelling. The infected region can gradually enlarge. Although, such infection is usually resolving even without treatment, disability and pain can last for two to three weeks.

In rare cases, erysipelothricosis may spread to the blood and affect either heart valve or joint. Diagnosis depends on the symptoms and circumstances that resulted in the infection.

To confirm diagnosis, a doctor obtains a skin scraped sample from the infected area’s outer edge and send it for culture.

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