Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome is a birth defect caused by the presence of a third 21st chromosome, affecting one child in every 650 births. Down Syndrome is characterized by low nasal bridge and Down Syndrome Sarah Palin Down Syndromedorsum, low-set ears, up slanting palpebral tissue, enlarged tongue, protruding, as well excessive and abnormal fat distribution.

Patients with this medical condition frequently display a short stocky stature and develop delayed growth of the brain which results in a mental capacity which is reduced. The intellectual deficiency differs from one individual to another.

An individual with Down Syndrome typically has a life expectancy of 35 years. Treatment of this disease includes a surgery that corrects eye slant and the removal of skin folds from the inner corners of the eyes. Individuals usually need a nasal surgery in order to increase and augment their nose projection. Some of the fat in their cheeks may be removed to lower the fullness of their face. It may also be also needed to reduce the tongue size so that the individuals are able to improve their speech as well as increase mobility.

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