Bacteremia and Sepsis

What is Bacteremia and Sepsis? Sepsis is a bloodstream infection, while bacteremia is the bacteria presence in the bloodstream. Temporary, very mild bacteremia can happen when an individual clenches their jaw, because bacteria on the gum around the person’s teeth are forced into the blood.

Bacteria frequently enters the blood from the intestines, but they are quickly removed as the blood passes through the person’s liver. Sepsis is Bacteremia and Sepsismost likely to appear in infected parts of the body including skin, urinary tract, abdomen, or lungs. Sepsis may also happen when operation is performed on the body part, where bacteria usually grows (such as intestine) or when surgery is done on the infected region. The placement of any foreign object (for example, drainage, tube, urinary catheter, or intravenous catheter) can also result in sepsis.

Sepsis is likely to increase when the longer objects are left in place. Sepsis usually happens in injecting drugs users. It’s also likely to occur in individuals with improper function of the immune system. Temporary Bacteremia seldom results in symptoms, because the person’s body may generally clear small bacteria amounts rapidly. However, when sepsis establishes, the symptoms may include diarrhea, shaking, vomiting, chills, nausea, weakness, and fever.

Sepsis may result in a metastatic infection (infectious sites throughout the body), if not treated promptly. Infection can occur in  large joints, in the bones (osteomyelitis), heart’s lining inside (pericarditis), and in brain lining (meningitis). If an infection in the body suddenly progresses a high fever, the diagnosis is typically sepsis. In individuals with sepsis, the white cell number in the blood is significantly higher. Blood culture identifies the infecting bacteria. Sample for the culture is also obtained from sputum, wound, and urine.

Bacteremia resulted from catheter insertion in the urinary tract or surgery, generally needs no treatment, as long as the catheter is taken out promptly. However, before undergoing this procedure, the individual at risk of progressing severe infections, those with immune’s system deficiency and with heart valve disease are usually given antibiotic to prevent Sepsis.

Sepsis may be a life threatening condition. Usually, the doctor starts treatment promptly with an antibiotic. Any delay in treatment with antibiotics significantly decreases a person’s survival chances. Antibiotic selection depends on which organism is present. It depends on what location the infection begun (for example:  intestine, lung, mouth, urinary tract, or another site). Frequently, 2 antibiotics are given together to kill the bacteria. Sometimes, surgery may be required to eliminate the source of infection , such as an abscess.

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