Abscess is a pus accumulation, commonly resulted from a bacterial infection. When bacteria invades healthy tissues, the infection spreads through the region. Some cells die and disintegrate. Infected cells and fluid accumulates white blood cells, which defend the body against infections and white blood cells die after engulfing bacteria. The dead white blood cell accumulates as pus, a creamy substance which fills the area.
While pus collects, healthy tissues are pushed aside. Tissue usually grows over the abscess and walls. This is an attempt of the body to prevent the future spread of the infection. If an abscess ruptures internally, the infection can spread either under the skin surface or inside the body, depending on abscess’ location. The bacterial infections can cause an abscess in few ways.
For instance, a punctured wound from a dirty needle can force bacteria under the person’s skin. Bacteria can also spread from an infection elsewhere in the person’s body. Also, the bacteria that usually lives on the person’s body, but results in no harm, may, in some cases, result in an abscess. The chances of an abscess formation increase if there is foreign body or dirt in an infected region; if the individual’s immune system is impaired (as it happens in AIDS patients), or if the bacterial invasion area has a poor supply of blood.
An abscess may progress anywhere in the person’s body, such as muscles, rectum, mouth, and lung. Abscess is fairly common just or in below the skin, particularly, on the face. Abscess’ symptoms can include redness, fever, pain, swelling, heat, and tenderness. An abscess that forms just under the person’s skin, commonly appears as a visible bump. If the abscess is about to rupture, it develops a whitish center as the overlying skin grows thinner.
An abscess deep inside the person’s body frequently grows quite large before it results in any symptoms. Deep abscesses are likely to transmit infections throughout the person’s body. A doctor may easily define an abscess just beneath or on the skin, but frequently misses deep abscesses. When individuals have such abscesses, blood tests frequently show extremely large white blood cells numbers. Ultrasound scanning, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), X-ray, or CT (computed tomography) may be performed to determine position and size of an Abscess.
Because the abscess and the tumor frequently results in the same symptoms and create a similar image, exact diagnosis, in some cases, involves obtaining a pus sample or abscess’ surgical removal for testing under the microscope. Frequently, an abscesses heals without any treatment by rupturing and discharging their contests. In some cases, an abscess dissapears gradually without rupturing as the person’s body destroys the infection and absorbing the debris.
An abscess can leave hard lumps. It may be pierced and drained to subside pain and help with the healing process. After draining, a large abscess leaves a dead space ( large empty space), which a surgeon can temporarily pack by using gauze. In some cases, placing temporary thin plastic tube is needed. Because abscesses do not have a blood supply, antibiotic is generally not helpful. The antibiotic can be prescribed after abscesses have been drained to prevent recurrence. Additionally, the antibiotic is also prescribed, when an abscess spreads the infection to other body parts. The Surgeon select most effective antibiotics, based on laboratory bacteria tests obtained from the pus.