Archive for the 'Diseases and Conditions' Category

Vitamin D Resistant Rickets

Tuesday, April 12th, 2011

Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets is a medical disorder, where the bones become painfully soft and bend easily because the blood consists of lowphosphate’s levels and has inadequate active form of vitamin D amounts. Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets is very rare disorder and almost always hereditary, passed as a dominant gene carrying on the x-chromosome. The genetic abnormality […]

Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

Tuesday, April 12th, 2011

Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus is a medical condition where the kidney produces a large dilute urine volume because the kidney is unable tocollect urine and fail to respond to antidiuretic hormones. Both diabetes mellitus, the better known type of diabetes and diabetes insipidus cause large urine volume excretion. Otherwise, the 2 forms of diabetes are very […]

Nephrotic Syndrome

Tuesday, April 12th, 2011

Nephrotic Syndrome is a medical condition, in which a collection of symptoms are resulted from many diseases that affects the kidneys, causing a prolonged, severe protein loss into the urine, increased fats level (lipids) in the blood, retention of the water excess and salt in the body, and decreased levels of protein in the blood […]

Acute Nephritic Syndrome

Sunday, April 10th, 2011

Acute Nephritic Syndrome (postinfectious glomerulonephritis, acute glomerulonephritis) is a medical condition in which glomeruli inflammation that is causing abrupt blood appearance in the urine, with variable protein amounts and casts (red blood cells clumps), occurs. Acute Nephritic Syndrome can be caused by a streptococcal infections including strep throat. In this case, the disorder is known […]

Pyelonephritis

Sunday, April 10th, 2011

Pyelonephritis is a medical condition, in which bacterial infections of 1 or both kidneys occurs. The bacterium called Escherichia Coli, that is usually discovered in the large intestine, resulting in approx. 90% of kidney infections among individuals living in the community, but only 50% among hospitalized individuals. The infection commonly ascends from the person’s genital […]

Glomerulopathies

Sunday, April 10th, 2011

Glomerulopathies are medical condition, in which inflammation mostly affects the glomeruli. Glomerulopathies are similar because glomeruli react to few types of injury in the same way. Glomerulopathies are classified in 4 main types: 1. Acute nephritic syndrome begins abruptly and generally resolves soon 2. Rapidly progressive nephritic syndrome begins abruptly and becomes worse quickly 3. […]

Acute Kidney Failure

Sunday, April 10th, 2011

Acute Kidney Failure is a medical condition, in which a rapid decline is the kidney’s ability to clear the person’s blood of toxic substance, causes the metabolic waste product collection, such as urea in the person’s blood. Acute Kidney Failure may be caused by any conditions which reduces kidney blood supply, obstructs the urine flow […]

Portal Vein Thrombosis

Sunday, April 10th, 2011

Portal Vein Thrombosis is a medical condition, in which portal vein blockage by a blood clot occurs. Such blockage can be resulted from stomach, pancreas, or liver cancers, or from cirrhosis. Portal Vein Thrombosis can also be resulted from liver abscess, pancreatitis (pancreas inflammation), or cholangitis (bile ducts inflammation). In newborns, this disease can be […]

Liver Encephalopathy

Sunday, April 10th, 2011

Liver Encephalopathy (hepatic coma, hepatic encephalopathy, or portal-systemic encephalopathy) is a medical condition, where function of brain is deteriorates because of toxic substances, that must be normally removed from a person’s liver, build up in the bloodstream. Normally, such substances are absorbed into the blood from the person’s intestine passing through the liver where toxin […]

Portal Hypertention

Sunday, April 10th, 2011

Portal Hypertention is a medical condition, in which abnormally high blood pressure in the large vein, called portal vein, delivers blood from the person’s intestine to the liver. Portal Hypertention frequently enlarges the spleen. Fluid can leak out of the person’s liver and distend the cavity of abdomen (ascites). Varicose veins in the lining of […]

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