Archive for the 'Diseases and Conditions' Category

Cortical Necrosis

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Cortical Necrosis is a rare type of dead kidney tissue, that affects all or some of the outer kidney part (called Cortex), but not the medulla (inner part). Cortical Necrosis is caused by small artery obstruction to the outer part of the kidney (cortex), which may be resulted from many conditions. Cortical Necrosis may happen […]

Chronic Kidney Failure

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Chronic Kidney Failure is a gradually developing decline of kidney function that leads to the metabolic waste product buildup in the person’s blood (azotemia). Damage to a kidney by various diseases can lead to irreversible injury. In Chronic Kidney Failure, the symptoms develop slowly. At the beginning, an individual experiences no symptoms; defected kidney function […]

Renal Glycosuria

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Renal Glycosuria (glycosuria) is a medical condition in which sugar (glucose) is excreted into the person’s urine, despite low or normal blood glucose levels. The kidney serves as a blood filter. When blood is filtered through the kidney, sugar (glucose) is removed together with other substances. The filtered fluid passes through the tubules network in […]

Salmonella Infections

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Salmonella Infections may produce specific localized, enteric fevers and gastrointestinal infections. Approx. 2,200 salmonella types are known, including the type which results in typhoid fever. Common sources of Salmonella include infected egg products, raw milk, poultry, and meat. Other sources may include contaminated marijuana, carmine red dye and infected pet reptiles. In the United States, […]

Staphylococcal Infections

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Staphylococcal Infections are infections resulted from the organism called Staphylococci, which are gram-positive bacterias. Individuals who are most likely to have Staphylococcal Infection include: people with suppressed immune systems, newborns, people with surgical incisions, or skin conditions, those with chronic diseases and breastfeeding women. Staphylococci may infect any body site, and the symptoms are based […]

Typhoid Fever

Friday, March 25th, 2011

Typhoid Fever is an infection, resulted from a bacterium called salmonella typhi. The typhoid organism is shed in the infected individual’s urine and in feces. Improper washing of hands after urination or defecation can spread salmonella typhi in water or food supply. Flies can transmit the bacteria from feces to food. In rare cases, hospital […]

Septic Shock

Friday, March 25th, 2011

Septic Shock is a medical condition, where blood pressure falls to life-threatening levels, caused by sepsis. Septic shock happens most frequently in individuals over the age of 50, with impaired immune systems, and in newborns. Septic Shock may be life-threatening in people with low white blood cell counts (for example, in people with cirrhosis or […]

Bacteremia and Sepsis

Friday, March 25th, 2011

What is Bacteremia and Sepsis? Sepsis is a bloodstream infection, while bacteremia is the bacteria presence in the bloodstream. Temporary, very mild bacteremia can happen when an individual clenches their jaw, because bacteria on the gum around the person’s teeth are forced into the blood. Bacteria frequently enters the blood from the intestines, but they […]

Types of Abdominal Abscesses

Friday, March 25th, 2011

Abdominal abscesses can form behind the abdominal cavity, below the diaphragm, in the pelvis, or in the middle of the abdomen. The abscess also can form around or in around any abdominal organs including prostate gland, kidney, liver, pancreas, or spleen. Frequently, an abdominal abscess is resulted from intestine’s perforation or infection, another abdominal organ […]


Wednesday, March 23rd, 2011

Abscess is a pus accumulation, commonly resulted from a bacterial infection. When bacteria invades healthy tissues, the infection spreads through the region. Some cells die and disintegrate. Infected cells and fluid accumulates white blood cells, which defend the body against infections and white blood cells die after engulfing bacteria. The dead white blood cell accumulates […]

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