Archive for the 'Diseases and Conditions' Category

Hyperlipidemia

Sunday, April 3rd, 2011

Hyperlipidemia is a medical condition, in which abnormally high fats levels, such as triglycerides, cholesterol or both, occur in the blood. Lipoprotein levels, especially LDL cholesterol, increases with age. Levels are usually higher in males than in females, but they begin to rise in females after menopause. Other factors which contribute to high levels of […]

Veno-Occlusive Disease

Sunday, April 3rd, 2011

Veno-Occlusive Disease is a medical condition, in which small vein blockage in the liver occurs. Such a disease can happen at any age, but children at ages one to three are more likely to have this disease, because they are having smaller blood vessels, than adults. Veno-Occlusive Disease can be resulted from medications and other […]

Metabolic Alkalosis

Sunday, April 3rd, 2011

Metabolic Alkalosis is a medical disorder, where the blood becomes alkaline due to improperly high bicarbonates levels. Metabolic Alkalosis progresses when the person’s body loses too much acid. For instance, significant stomach acid amounts are lost during prolonged vomiting periods or when stomach acid is suctioned with a stomach tubes (sometimes, performed in hospitals). Rarely, […]

Respiratory Acidosis

Sunday, April 3rd, 2011

Respiratory Acidosis is a medical condition , in which excessive acidity in the blood is resulted from carbon dioxide buildup in the person’s blood as a result of slow breathing or poor lung function. The breathing depth and speed controls the blood carbon dioxide amount. Usually, when carbon dioxide builds up, the blood pH falls […]

Hyperphosphatemia

Sunday, April 3rd, 2011

Hyperphosphatemia (high level of phosphate in blood) is a condition, in which phosphate concentration in blood higher than 4.5 mg (milligram) per blood deciliter. Normal kidneys are so efficient at excess of phosphate excretion, that Hyperphosphatemia seldom happens except in individuals with severe dysfunction of the kidneys. For patients, who have kidney failure, Hyperphosphatemia is […]

Dehydration

Sunday, April 3rd, 2011

Dehydration is the body water deficiency. Dehydration happens when the body’s water output is higher than its intake. The water deficiency generally results in the rising of the sodium level in the blood. Decreased water intake, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, excessive heat, and diuretics use may cause Dehydration. Specific diseases including Addison’s disease, diabetes insipidus, and […]

Overhydration

Sunday, April 3rd, 2011

Overhydration is a water excess in the person’s body. Overhydration happens when body’s water intake is higher than its output. Water excess in the person’s body causes sodium in the person’s blood to become overdiluted. Drinking extremely high amounts of water does not usually result in Overhydration, if heart, kidneys, and pituitary gland are working […]

Hypernatremia

Friday, April 1st, 2011

Hypernatremia (high level of sodium in blood) is a concentration of sodium above 145 mEq (milliequivalents) per blood liter. In this condition, the person’s body consists of too little water relative to sodium amount. The sodium concentration in blood usually increases abnormally high when water loss exceeds sodium loss, generally when an individual drinks too […]

Hyponatremia

Friday, April 1st, 2011

Hyponatremia (low level of sodium in blood) is a concentration of sodium in blood under 136 mEq (milliequivalents) per blood liter. The concentration of the sodium in blood drops extremely low when sodium has been over-diluted by extremely large amounts of water in the person’s body. Sodium may be over-diluted in individuals who drink excessive […]

Hypercalcemia

Friday, April 1st, 2011

Hypercalcemia (calcium high blood level) is a calcium high blood level concentration above 10.5mg (milligrams) per blood deciliter. Hypercalcemia may be resulted from either increased calcium intake or increased gastrointestinal¬† absorption. Individuals, who ingest large Calcium’ amounts and also use Calcium consisting antacids, may progress Hypercalcemia. Vitamin D overdose similarly may affect Calcium concentration in […]

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