Archive for March, 2011

Nocardiosis

Tuesday, March 29th, 2011

Nocardiosis is an infection, resulted from the bacterium, called Nocardia Asteroides, that usually starts in the lungs and spreads to the brain and skin. Bacterium nocardia asteroides lives in the soil on decaying matter. Such bacteria carry air consisting of soil dust and are breathed into the lungs. Rarely, the bacteria enters the body through [...]

Mucormycosis

Tuesday, March 29th, 2011

Mucormycosis (phycomycosis) is an infection resulted from a fungus, called mucorales. Subcutaneous Mucormycosis (under the skin)  is a type of infection that occurs in Africa and Southeast Asia. Generally, the condition heals without treatment; however, it may result in grotesque swelling under chest and neck skin. Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis (brain and nose mucormycosis) occurs in the [...]

Cytomegalovirus

Tuesday, March 29th, 2011

Cytomegalovirus infection is a viral infection that can be acquired at any age after birth or before birth. When the Cytomegalovirus enters the person’s body, it may or may not result in the active disease. Once in the body, such virus can be dormant for many years, but becomes active and can result in the [...]

FDA Approves Yervoy, a new Melanoma Drug

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Pharmaceutical company Bristol-Myers has announced that Yervoy (Ipilimumab) drug has been approved by FDA for the cure of late stage, metastatic melanoma, a life threatening skin cancer condition. Yervoy is the first medication ever shown to help late stage melanoma individuals prolong their lives. However, it does not cure the actual illness. Late stage melanoma [...]

Gonorrhea

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Gonorrhea is a disease, which is sexually transmitted and resulted from the bacteria, called neisseria gonorrhoeae, that infects the inner linings of the urethra, the whites of the rectum, and cervix. Gonorrhea can spread through the blood to other body’s parts, particularly, the joints and skin. In females, it can invade the genital tract to [...]

Cortical Necrosis

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Cortical Necrosis is a rare type of dead kidney tissue, that affects all or some of the outer kidney part (called Cortex), but not the medulla (inner part). Cortical Necrosis is caused by small artery obstruction to the outer part of the kidney (cortex), which may be resulted from many conditions. Cortical Necrosis may happen [...]

Chronic Kidney Failure

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Chronic Kidney Failure is a gradually developing decline of kidney function that leads to the metabolic waste product buildup in the person’s blood (azotemia). Damage to a kidney by various diseases can lead to irreversible injury. In Chronic Kidney Failure, the symptoms develop slowly. At the beginning, an individual experiences no symptoms; defected kidney function [...]

Renal Glycosuria

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Renal Glycosuria (glycosuria) is a medical condition in which sugar (glucose) is excreted into the person’s urine, despite low or normal blood glucose levels. The kidney serves as a blood filter. When blood is filtered through the kidney, sugar (glucose) is removed together with other substances. The filtered fluid passes through the tubules network in [...]

Salmonella Infections

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Salmonella Infections may produce specific localized, enteric fevers and gastrointestinal infections. Approx. 2,200 salmonella types are known, including the type which results in typhoid fever. Common sources of Salmonella include infected egg products, raw milk, poultry, and meat. Other sources may include contaminated marijuana, carmine red dye and infected pet reptiles. In the United States, [...]

Staphylococcal Infections

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Staphylococcal Infections are infections resulted from the organism called Staphylococci, which are gram-positive bacterias. Individuals who are most likely to have Staphylococcal Infection include: people with suppressed immune systems, newborns, people with surgical incisions, or skin conditions, those with chronic diseases and breastfeeding women. Staphylococci may infect any body site, and the symptoms are based [...]

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