Archive for February, 2011

Diabetes Insipidus

Monday, February 28th, 2011

Diabetes Insipidus is a medical condition, where antidiuretic hormone insufficient levels result in polydipsia-excessive thirst, and excessive production of polyuria-very dilute urine. Diabetes Insipidus is caused by antidiuretic hormone-vasopressin decreased production, the hormone, that naturally restrains the person’s body from producing excessive urine amount. Vasopressine-antidiuretic hormone, is unique in that, it is created in the [...]

Hereditary Spherocytosis

Monday, February 28th, 2011

Hereditary Spherocytosis is a rare inherited disorder, where the normally disc-shaped red blood cells become spherical. The rigid, misshapen red blood cell is trapped and destroyed in the person’s spleen, causing enlarged spleen and anemia. The anemia is generally mild, but can become more severe if an infection develops, when the Hereditary Spherocytosis is severe; [...]

G6PD deficiency

Sunday, February 27th, 2011

G6PD deficiency is a disorder, where an enzyme-glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is missed from the red blood cells membrane. The glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase enzyme helps glucose-a simple sugar, that is a major source for red blood cell, and produces glutathione, which helps to prevent the cell from breaking. Such an inherited disorder is most likely occur in [...]

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

Sunday, February 27th, 2011

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria is a very rare hemolytic anemia resulting in sudden, repeated red blood cell destruction bouts by the person’s immune system. The Paroxysmal (sudden) destructions of many red blood cells, which may happen at any time, not only at night (nocturnal), results in hemoglobin to spill into the blood stream. The kidneys filter [...]

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

Sunday, February 27th, 2011

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia , also known as the Rendu Osler Weber disease, is a hereditary blood vessel malformation that makes vessels prone to bleed and fragile. Bleeding under the person’s skin appears as red to violet, small discolorations, particularly on the toes and fingers tips, face, nose and mouth lining, and lips. Similar small abnormality [...]

Hypopituitarism

Sunday, February 27th, 2011

Hypopituitarism or underactive pituitary gland, is a complete or partial anterior lobe function’s loss. Because hypopituitarism affects an endocrine gland function that stimulates by anterior pituitary hormone, the symptoms are vary, basing on which pituitary hormone is deficient. The symptoms usually start slowly and can go unnoticed for a long time; although, sometimes they may [...]

Carcinoid (Cancer)

Friday, February 25th, 2011

Carcinoid is a cancer , generally occuring in the person’s gastrointestinal tract, that may produce excessive several amines and neuropeptides amounts, which have hormone like effects. If such cancer spreads to the person’s liver, it can result in incidences of heart damage, flushing, diarrhea, bluish skin, abdominal pain and other symptoms which lead to carcinoid [...]

Diabetes Mellitus

Friday, February 25th, 2011

Diabetes Mellitus is a medical condition, where glucose¬† (simple sugar) blood levels are extremely high because the person’s body does not use or release insulin adequately. Blood sugar level varies during the day, increasing after eating and returning to normal within two hours. Sugar levels in blood is normally between 70 and 110mg (miligram) per [...]

Alcoholic Liver Disease

Friday, February 25th, 2011

Alcoholic Liver Disease is a medical condition,  in which liver damage is caused by excessive alcohol drinking occurs. The disease is preventable, and is a common health problem. Generally, amounts of alcohol used (how often and how much) determines the degree and risk of liver injury. Females are more likely to damage liver, than males. [...]

Esophagus Cancer

Thursday, February 24th, 2011

The non-cancerous Esophagus tumor includes a leiomyoma, a smooth muscle tumor. The prognosis for most individuals having leiomyoma is great. The most common form of Esophageal cancer includes leiomyosarcoma (esophagus smooth muscle’s cancer), carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma (known as epidermoid carcinoma), adenocarcinoma, lymphoma (lymphocytes cancer), and cancer that has metastasized (spread from elsewhere in [...]

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